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The Top 21 Museums in Spain to Add to Your Travel Bucket List

Uncover the treasures of history, art, and more as we take you on a journey through Spain's most captivating museums.

The Top 21 Museums in Spain

Spain is a European country known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse history, and many museums. The country has produced some of the most prominent artists in history, including painters such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Diego Velázquez, and Francisco Goya. As a result, it is no surprise that art enthusiasts from around the world flock to Spain to experience its unique art scene and world-famous museums.


The Spanish museums collectively encompass various artistic styles and historical periods. In these institutions, patrons have the opportunity to explore everything from ancient artifacts to contemporary artworks.

One pivotal aspect of Spanish museum development dates back to the 18th century when Charles III enacted widespread education reforms. This historical milestone also marked the inception of some of Spain’s oldest museums, including the National Museum of Natural Sciences in 1776, Museo del Ej√©rcito in 1803, and the Prado Museum, in 1819.

Since then, the museum scene in the country has grown spectacularly, including over 1,500 museums around Spain. These museums not only showcase Spain’s famed art but also tell timeless stories of notable events, personalities, and accomplishments throughout Spanish history.

While most of Spain’s most influential and distinguished museums are located in Madrid, Spain’s art scene is not limited to its capital city, as several other equally impressive museums can be found throughout the country, from Bilbao to M√°laga to Catalonia.

Several factors were considered when crafting this list of Spain’s top museums and art galleries. They were chosen based on their historical and artistic influence, importance to Spanish culture, striking architecture and facilities, and visitor numbers.


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The Best Museums & Art Galleries in Spain

1. Prado Museum (Madrid)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Calle de Ruiz de Alarc√≥n, 23, Paseo del Prado, 28014 Madrid

Located in the heart of Madrid, Spain, El Prado Museum proudly holds its position as one of the most prestigious museums in Europe and globally. Exploration of this iconic cultural institution reveals a wealth of historical insights, architectural beauty, and artistic splendor.

The Prado Museum is the most visited museum in Madrid and one of the most important in the world.
The Prado Museum is the most visited in Madrid and one of the most important museums in the world.

El Prado Museum can trace its roots back to the Spanish Royal Collection, which was first established in the 16th century. However, it wasn’t until 1819 that the museum officially opened to the public with a modest collection of 311 art pieces.

In the late 18th century, King Charles III ordered the construction of a grand building to house treasured artworks. Architect Juan de Villanueva shaped the majestic neoclassical palace. Over time, El Prado has seen several extensions and renovations to accommodate its ever-growing collection.

Currently, El Prado hosts more than 15,000 paintings, 5,000 drawings, and 2,000 sculptures, a true chronicle of the development of European art from the 12th to early 20th centuries.

El Prado sets itself apart with an unrivaled collection focusing on Spanish masterpieces, proudly displaying the works of renowned artists such as Diego Vel√°zquez, Francisco Goya, and El Greco. Iconic paintings like Vel√°zquez’s “Las Meninas” and Goya’s “The Third of May 1808” are among the many reasons that make El Prado a must-visit destination.

"The Three Graces" by Rubens
“The Three Graces” by Rubens
"Las meninas" by Vel√°zquez
“Las meninas” by Vel√°zquez

In addition to Spanish marvels, El Prado holds an impressive assemblage of Flemish, Italian, and French works. Key masterpieces include Hieronymus Bosch’s “The Garden of Earthly Delights,” Titian’s “Charles V with a Dog,” and Rubens’ “The Three Graces.”

Madrid’s renowned El Prado Museum offers an unparalleled look into European art history within an exceptional architectural setting. No trip to Spain is complete without exploring this essential museum.

Prado Museum: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: C. de Ruiz de Alarc√≥n, 23, 28014 Madrid
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: Monday – Saturday: 10:00 am – 08:00 pm. Sundays: 10:00 am – 07:00 pm
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: museodelprado.es
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: Mandarin Oriental, Ritz Madrid

2. Guggenheim Museum (Bilbao)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Abandoibarra Etorbidea, 2, 48009 Bilbao

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is one of the most architecturally striking museums in Spain
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is one of the most architecturally striking museums in Spain

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, situated in the heart of the city, stands as one of the premier museums in Spain. Opening its doors in 1997, the museum was designed by famous architect Frank Gehry. It showcases groundbreaking curvilinear titanium-clad forms that shimmer and reflect upon the Nervión River.

Dedicated to contemporary art, Guggenheim Bilbao explores themes such as abstract expressionism, minimalism, and pop art. A visit to this museum is an absolute must for those who appreciate innovative artistic endeavors. One aspect setting it apart is its collaborative approach to exhibitions, working with institutions worldwide to provide diverse and striking collections.

Among the most celebrated works here are Richard Serra’s immense steel sculptures in “The Matter of Time” and Jeff Koons’ vibrant “Puppy,” a giant floral structure welcoming guests at the entrance. Guggenheim Bilbao consistently impresses by showcasing a thoughtfully curated selection of art from renowned artists such as Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, and Yoko Ono.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao immerses travelers in a dynamic experience where cutting-edge architecture harmonizes with extraordinary art, making it an essential stop on any Spanish cultural exploration.

Guggenheim Bilbao: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: Abandoibarra Etorbidea, 2, 48009 Bilbao
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: guggenheim-bilbao.eus
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: Gran Hotel Domine Bilbao

3. Picasso Museum (Barcelona)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Carrer de Montcada, 15-23, 08003 Barcelona

Museu Picasso is one of the most visited museums in Barcelona
Museu Picasso is one of the most visited museums in Barcelona

Museu Picasso, located in the heart of the Born Quarter, is a must-see museum in Barcelona. Established in 1963, this museum pays tribute to the artistic career of Pablo Picasso and is housed in five historic palaces from the 13th to the 15th centuries.

The architecture showcases a blend of medieval and modern elements, featuring courtyards, galleries, and exquisite craftsmanship. While walking through the corridors, one is bound to appreciate not only the artwork but also the architecture of the museum.

The museum’s primary focus is to provide an extensive representation of Picasso’s artistic journey, with a vast collection spanning over 4,000 pieces. Among these works are his formative years’ creations and his renowned Blue Period masterpieces. Notable artwork displayed includes “Harpist,” “The Blue Portrait,” the “Las Meninas” series, and “Science and Charity.”

Museu Picasso’s uniqueness lies in capturing Picasso’s relationship with Barcelona and offering insight into his development as an artist. Its status as one of Spain’s best museums is firmly established by its comprehensive collection, the historical significance of its buildings, and its dedication to art education for all ages.

Museu Picasso: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: Carrer de Montcada, 15-23, 08003 Barcelona
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: museupicassobcn.cat
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: chic&basic Habana Hoose

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4. Reina Sofía Museum (Madrid)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. de Sta. Isabel, 52, 28012 Madrid

Centro de Arte Reina Sofía is one of the most important museums in Spain
Centro de Arte Reina Sofía is one of the most important museums in Spain

Museo Reina Sofía, located in Madrid, is a premier modern art museum attracting global art enthusiasts. Established in 1990, its rich collection mainly showcases 20th-century Spanish art, featuring the likes of Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí.

Housed in a former hospital building from the 18th century, the museum offers a striking mix of modern glass and steel extensions added by French architect Jean Nouvel alongside its classical architecture.

The main focus lies in modern Spanish art, notably highlighted by Picasso’s masterpiece Guernica. This iconic work of art depicts the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica by the German Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War. In addition to Guernica, Museo Reina Sof√≠a displays a vast collection of notable paintings and sculptures by other renowned artists such as Joan Mir√≥ and Juan Gris.

Picasso's Guernica is an must-see in Madrid
Picasso’s Guernica is a must-see in Madrid

Other important masterpieces held in the museum include “Woman in Blue” by Picasso and “The Great Masturbator” by Salvador Dal√≠.

Museo Reina Sof√≠a’s dedication to modern Spanish masterpieces solidifies its position among Spain’s top museums. The exceptional array of artwork, stunning architectural design, and prominent location contribute to its laudable status within Madrid’s thriving cultural scene.

Reina Sofía Museum: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: C. de Sta. Isabel, 52, 28012 Madrid
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: Wednesday – Saturday: 10:00 am – 09:00 pm. Sundays: 10:00 am – 02:30 pm. Monday: 10:00 am – 09:00 am. Closed on Tuesdays.
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: museoreinasofia.es
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: NH Madrid Nacional

5. Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya – MNAC (Barcelona)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Palau Nacional, Parc de Montju√Įc, s/n, 08038 Barcelona

The MNAC is one of the leading art museums in Catalonia
The MNAC is one of the leading art museums in Catalonia

The National Art Museum of Catalonia, or MNAC, is located in Barcelona’s Poble Sec neighborhood. Over half a million people visit the museum each year, making it one of Barcelona’s most popular art museums.

Established in 1934, the museum is housed in the Palau Nacional, a notable building from the 1929 International Exhibition on Montju√Įc Hill. The architecture of the Palau Nacional features a mix of styles, predominantly Spanish Renaissance and neoclassical.

MNAC primarily focuses on Catalan art from the Middle Ages to the mid-20th century. Its extensive collection includes important Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, and Renaissance works. Some of the most prominent artists featured at the museum are Ramon Casas, Joaquim Mir, and Santiago Rusi√Īol.

The National Art Museum of Catalonia is famous for its Romanesque art
The National Art Museum of Catalonia is famous for its Romanesque art

The museum is recognized as one of the best in Spain thanks to its broad chronological range and focus on Catalan art history. It boasts several renowned Romanesque mural paintings, including the iconic and impressive “Apse of the Sant Climent de Ta√ľll” fresco and an impressive collection of works from leading modernist (Art Nouveau) artists.

Famous pieces in MNAC’s collection include “The Baldungin,” a sculptural altarpiece created by Pere Oller during the Gothic period, as well as the “Chalice of the Abbot Escaliv√†” from the 14th century.

MNAC: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: Palau Nacional, Parc de Montju√Įc, s/n, 08038 Barcelona
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: museunacional.cat
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: InterContinental Barcelona, an IHG Hotel

6. Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum

[icon name=”map-pin”] P.¬ļ del Prado, 8, 28014 Madrid

Thyssen-Bornemisza is the smallest of those that make up the Madrid Art Triangle
Thyssen-Bornemisza is the smallest of those that make up the Madrid Art Triangle

The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, frequently referred to simply as “El Thyssen,” is located in Madrid’s Barrio de Las Letras. It is one of the top museums in the country due to its impressive collection of art, its fascinating history, and beautiful architecture.

The museum was founded in 1992 when the Spanish government purchased the private art collection of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza. The building itself is an important part of Madrid’s history, as it was once the 18th-century Villahermosa Palace. Its architecture features Neoclassical and Baroque elements.

Its primary focus is European painting from the 13th to the 20th century, displaying various artistic styles such as Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque, Rococo, Romanticism, and Modern Art. Notable artists whose works are on display include Titian, Rubens, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Picasso. Beyond paintings, the museum exhibits sculptures and artifacts from various historical periods.

The museum is among Spain’s most visited cultural institutions. In 2019 alone, it was visited by more than one million people.

Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: P.¬ļ del Prado, 8, 28014 Madrid
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: Tuesday – Sunday: 10:00 am – 07:00 pm. Mondays: 10:00 am – 02:00 pm.
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: museothyssen.org
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: numa I Script

7. Valencia Institute of Modern Art

[icon name=”map-pin”] C/ de Guillem de Castro, 118, 46003 Valencia

IVAM Valencia - Best art museums in Spain
IVAM Valencia – Best art museums in Spain

The Valencia Institute of Modern Art (IVAM) is an art museum located in Valencia, Spain. Established in 1989, it was the first museum in Spain dedicated exclusively to modern and contemporary art.

The museum building, designed by architect Emilio Giménez Juliá, combines geometric shapes featuring glass and metal materials that provide natural light to the exhibition spaces.

IVAM mainly focuses on Spanish and international modern art from the 20th and 21st centuries. It showcases works by renowned artists such as Julio Gonz√°lez, Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, and Andy Warhol. Important artworks held in the collection include Gonz√°lez’s welded iron sculptures and Rauschenberg’s “Borealis Shares” series.

Valencia Institute of Modern Art: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: C/ de Guillem de Castro, 118, 46003 Valencia
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: ivam.es
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: NH Valencia Center

8. Carmen Thyssen Museum (M√°laga)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Plaza Carmen Thyssen, Calle Compa√Ī√≠a, 29008 M√°laga

Museo Carmen Thyssen M√°laga - Famous museums in Spain
Museo Carmen Thyssen M√°laga – Famous museums in Spain

The Carmen Thyssen Museum is located in Málaga in the 16th-century Villalón Palace, a Renaissance-style building with a beautiful courtyard. The museum was founded in 2011 to showcase the private art collection of Baroness Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza.

The museum primarily focuses on 19th-century Spanish painting, particularly from the Andalusian school. Among the most prominent artists featured in the museum are Joaqu√≠n Sorolla, Ignacio Zuloaga, and Julio Romero de Torres. Several masterpieces in the collection include “Santa Marina” by Zurbar√°n and “Tobacco Factory” by Gonz√°lez Mart√≠nez.

The museum is known as one of the top museums in Spain due to its carefully curated collection, showcasing regional art and important pieces from European and American artists. The elegant architecture of the building adds to the overall charm and appeal of this cultural institution.

Carmen Thyssen Museum: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: Plaza Carmen Thyssen, Calle Compa√Ī√≠a, 29008 M√°laga
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: carmenthyssenmalaga.org
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: Hotel Larios M√°laga

9. Dalí Theatre-Museum (Figueres)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Pla√ßa Gala i Salvador Dal√≠, 5, 17600 Figueres, Girona

Dalí Theatre-Museum, Figueres, Catalonia
Dalí Theatre-Museum, Figueres, Catalonia

The Dalí Theatre-Museum, located in Figueres, Catalonia, is a museum dedicated to Salvador Dalí, a leading artist from the Surrealist movement. The building was originally a theatre but was converted into a museum with the help of Dalí himself. It opened to the public in 1974.

Featuring unique architectural elements, the museum is designed to mirror Dal√≠’s bizarre and dreamlike artwork. The fa√ßade showcases round windows, red walls with gold decorations, and giant white eggs on the roof.

The museum’s main focus is to display Dal√≠’s extensive collection of art, consisting of paintings, sculptures, and installations. Highlights include well-known works such as “The Persistence of Memory,” “Swans Reflecting Elephants,” and “Soft Self-Portrait with Grilled Bacon.”

Additionally, the museum houses works by other artists that Dal√≠ admired or who were connected to him. These include El Greco, Marcel Duchamp, and John de Andrea. The museum also exhibits many of Dal√≠’s drawings, photographs, and personal items.

Due to its vast collection of significant Surrealist art pieces and Dal√≠’s influence on its design and contents, the Dal√≠ Theatre-Museum is considered one of the best museums in Spain. It attracts approximately 1.3 million visitors annually, making it one of the most visited museums in Catalonia and Spain overall.

Dalí Theatre-Museum: Useful Information for your Visit

  • [icon name=”map”] Address: Pla√ßa Gala i Salvador Dal√≠, 5, 17600 Figueres, Girona
  • [icon name=”clock”] Opening times: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM from Tuesday to Sunday. Mondays closed
  • [icon name=”globe”] Website: salvador-dali.org
  • [icon name=”ticket-alt”] Tours & activities: Book now
  • [icon name=”hotel”] Best hotel nearby: Hotel Plaza Inn

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10. Museo del Greco (Toledo)

[icon name=”map-pin”] P.¬ļ del Tr√°nsito, s/n, 45002 Toledo

Museo El Greco in Toledo, Spain
Museo El Greco in Toledo, Spain

Museo del Greco is a popular museum in the city of Toledo. Established in 1911, the museum showcases the life and works of Dom√©nikos Theotok√≥poulos “El Greco,” a prominent painter from the Spanish Renaissance period. It is housed in a 16th-century building featuring Mudejar-style architecture.

The museum centers on El Greco’s paintings and significant art pieces, highlighting his contributions to the world. Notable works on display include “The Tears of Saint Peter,” “View of Toledo,” and “El Expolio.” Additionally, the museum exhibits works by important followers and contemporaries of El Greco, such as Luis Trist√°n and Vicente Carducho.

Museo del Greco is considered one of the best museums in Spain for its comprehensive collection of El Greco’s masterpieces, which play a significant role in Spanish art history.


11. National Sculpture Museum

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. Cadenas de San Gregorio, 1, 47011 Valladolid

Museo Nacional de Escultura, Valladolid - Top art museums in Spain
Museo Nacional de Escultura, Valladolid – Top art museums in Spain

The Museo Nacional de Escultura, located in Valladolid, is a renowned museum focused on sculpture. Established in 1933, it is housed in what was once the College of San Gregorio, a building with a rich history dating back to the late 15th century. The museum’s architectural design is an exemplary example of the Isabelline Gothic style.

The museum is dedicated to Spanish sculpture from the Middle Ages to the 19th century, featuring prominent artists such as Juan de Juni and Alonso Berruguete. Some well-known works of art at the Museo Nacional de Escultura include “The Lamentation over the Dead Christ” by Juan de Juni and “The Altarpiece of St. Anne” by Alonso Berruguete.

Museo Nacional de Escultura has gained a reputation as one of Spain’s best museums due to its impressive collection and the integration of art within a historically significant building.


12. San Fernando Fine Art Royal Academy (Madrid)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. de Alcal√°, 13, 28014 Madrid

Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

San Fernando Fine Art Royal Academy is a museum on Madrid’s famous Calle Alcal√°. It is one of Spain’s oldest and most prestigious art institutions. It was founded in 1744 by King Philip V and is named after Saint Ferdinand III of Castile. The Academy played an important role in shaping Spanish art. Some of the most renowned Spanish artists, such as Francisco Goya, Joaqu√≠n Sorolla, and Pablo Picasso, studied or taught at the academy.

Today, the Academy is one of the premier museums in the Spanish capital. Some of the most well-known artists in the collection include Francisco Goya, El Greco, and Diego Vel√°zquez.

The building itself is a beautiful example of neoclassical architecture. The entrance hall has a stunning marble stairway and frescoes on the ceiling.


13. Museo de Santa Cruz

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. Miguel de Cervantes, 3, 45001 Toledo

Museo of Santa Cruz is one of the most visited attractions in Toledo
Museum of Santa Cruz is one of the most visited attractions in Toledo

The Museo de Santa Cruz is a museum located in Toledo, Spain.

It was founded in 1961 and is housed in a Renaissance-style building, which was once a hospital.

The museum’s primary focus is art and archaeology, particularly regarding the region’s history.

Notable artists whose works are showcased include El Greco, Pablo Picasso, and Francisco de Zurbar√°n. Some of the museum’s most famous works of art include El Greco’s “The Disrobing of Christ” and Zurbar√°n’s “Saint Hugo in the Refectory.”


14. Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla

[icon name=”map-pin”] Pl. del Museo, 9, 41001 Sevilla

Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla - Most important museums in Spain
Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla – Most important museums in Spain

The Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla is a well-known art located in the city’s historic center. The museum was created in 1835 and is housed in the former Convent of La Merced Calzada, an impressive Baroque building completed in the early 17th century. The structure features a striking central courtyard and a distinctive dome.

The museum primarily focuses on Spanish fine arts from the medieval period to the early 20th century. It boasts an extensive collection of works by renowned artists such as Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Francisco de Zurbarán, and Diego Velázquez.

Some of the most famous artworks displayed at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla include Murillo’s “Virgin of the Napkin,” Zurbar√°n’s “Santa Casilda,” and Vel√°zquez’s “Portrait of Don Crist√≥bal Su√°rez de Ribera.”

In addition to its collection of paintings, the Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla also features sculptures, ceramics, and other forms of decorative arts.


15. CAC M√°laga

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. Alemania, S/N, 29001 M√°laga

CAC M√°laga is one of the top contemporary art museums in southern Spain
CAC M√°laga is one of the top contemporary art museums in southern Spain

The Contemporary Art Centre of M√°laga (CAC), is a museum in M√°laga. Located in the up-and-coming Soho district, this museum attracts approximately 400,000 visitors per year.

The main focus of CAC M√°laga is modern and contemporary art. Some key artists represented in the collection include Damien Hirst, Anish Kapoor, and Louise Bourgeois. Among the significant works of art displayed at the museum are “Love Lasts Forever” by Tracey Emin and “Large White Sphere” by Jorge Pardo.

The building architecture combines traditional Andalusian elements with modern design. The museum is housed in a renovated old wholesale market called Mercado de Mayoristas. The Art-Deco structure covers an area of approximately 6,000 square meters with large open spaces that facilitate the display of various art installations.


16. Museu de Belles Arts (Valencia)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C/ de Sant Pius V, 9, 46010 Val√®ncia

Museum Of Fine Arts Of Valencia - Museo de Bellas Artes
Museum Of Fine Arts Of Valencia | Museo de Bellas Artes | Credit: VisitValencia

Located in the heart of València, Spain, the Museo de Bellas Artes offers an incredible fine art collection. The second largest art gallery in Spain, this museum has a rich history and showcases a vast range of Spanish artwork.

The building itself is a prime example of Baroque architecture. Its striking pale façade, replete with ornate detailing, was initially constructed in 1683 to house a seminary.

The museum focuses on Spanish and Valencian art from the 14th to the 20th century. Some of the most famous artists represented in its collection include Diego Vel√°zquez, El Greco, Francisco Goya, and Joaqu√≠n Sorolla. Among the notable pieces showcased are “Self-Portrait” by Vel√°zquez and multiple works by Sorolla depicting Valencian landscapes.


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16. National Archaeological Museum (Madrid)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. de Serrano, 13, 28001 Madrid

National Archaeological Museum - Spain's most important Museums
National Archaeological Museum – Spain’s most important Museums

The National Archaeological Museum is known for its diverse collection of historical artifacts. It is situated on Serrano Street in close proximity to other well-known cultural institutions.

The museum’s history dates back to 1867. It was founded by Queen Isabella II, and has since played a significant role in preserving and showcasing Spain’s cultural heritage. The National Archaeological Museum’s collections have grown through acquisitions, excavations, donations, and loans.

The building was designed by Spanish architect Francisco Jare√Īo in a neoclassical style. A recent renovation added modern elements to the original structure while maintaining its historic character.

The museum focuses on archaeology and ethnography. Its vast collection includes artifacts from prehistoric times, ancient Egypt, old Iberian Peninsula civilizations, and Roman Hispania through Islamic Al-Andalus and medieval Christian kingdoms. Among the most famous works of art displayed at the National Archaeological Museum are the Lady of Elche, a Limestone bust from proto-Iberian culture; Treasure of Guarrazar, an important set of Visigothic votive crowns; and the Lady of Baza, another notable limestone sculpture from Iberian culture.


17. Goya Museum (Zaragoza)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C. de Espoz y Mina, 23, 50003 Zaragoza

Museo Goya is a must-visit museum in Zaragoza, Spain
Museo Goya is a must-visit museum in Zaragoza, Spain | Credit: Fundación IberCaja

Goya Museum, also known as the Museo Goya – Colecci√≥n Ibercaja, is located in Zaragoza, Spain. The museum’s primary focus is on the artwork and life of Francisco Goya, a famous Spanish painter, and printmaker. The museum hosts a vast collection of Goya’s pieces, including famous works like “Los Caprichos,” “Tauromaquia,” and “The Disasters of War.”

The museum is situated in an architectural gem, the Renaissance Palace of Los Pardo, also known as the Palacio de los Condes de Morata. This historic building dates back to 1595 and underwent extensive renovation to house Goya’s artwork and other exhibits.

Besides Goya’s masterpieces, the museum exhibits work from eminent Spanish artists such as Francisco Bayeu, Ram√≥n Bayeu, Juan Jos√© Vera Jim√©nez, and more. One can also find pieces from medieval works to contemporary art collections.


18. Joan Miró Foundation (Barcelona)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Parc de Montju√Įc, s/n, 08038 Barcelona

Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Catalonia
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Catalonia

The Fundaci√≥ Joan Mir√≥ is a museum located in Barcelona dedicated to the work of Catalan artist Joan Mir√≥. Established in 1975, the museum is situated on Montju√Įc Hill and was designed by architect Josep Llu√≠s Sert.

The museum focuses on the art and life of Joan Mir√≥, showcasing his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings from various periods throughout his career. Important artworks displayed at the museum include “The Farm,” “Harlequin’s Carnival,” and ‚ÄúWoman, Bird, Star (Homage to Picasso).‚ÄĚ Apart from Mir√≥’s works, the museum also features works from other contemporary artists, particularly those associated with Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism.

The building itself is an architectural landmark. It features open spaces, natural light, and terraces that offer panoramic views of Barcelona. The modernist architecture harmonizes with the surrounding Montju√Įc parklands and incorporates elements from traditional Catalonian architecture. This combination reflects the spirit of Joan Mir√≥’s artwork, inspired by his connection to his homeland.

The Fundaci√≥ Joan Mir√≥ is considered one of Spain’s top museums due to its extensive collection of Mir√≥’s works and its dedication to promoting contemporary art.


19. Museo Canario (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Calle del Dr. Verneau, 2, 35001 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Museo Canario is the most important ethnographic museum in the Canary Islands
Museo Canario is the most important ethnographic museum in the Canary Islands | Credit: El Museo Canario

Museo Canario, located in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, is dedicated to the Canary Islands’ history and culture. Established in 1879, the museum is housed in a beautiful 18th-century building with stunning colonial architecture and intricate detailing.

The main focus of Museo Canario lies in prehistoric and ethnographic artifacts, with a particular emphasis on the Guanche civilization.


20. National Museum of Roman Art (Mérida)

[icon name=”map-pin”] C/ Jos√© Ram√≥n M√©lida, s/n, 06800 M√©rida, Badajoz

National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida, Badajoz
National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida, Badajoz | Credit: Turismo de Mérida

The National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida is an important institution that showcases Roman art and history. It is located in the region of Extremadura and was established in 1986. Designed by architect Rafael Moneo, the museum features traditional Roman brick architecture with arches and high ceilings.

The museum’s main focus is to exhibit the exceptional Roman heritage of M√©rida. This city was once known as Emerita Augusta when it was the capital of the Roman province of Lusitania. The museum’s collection includes sculptures, mosaics, pottery, jewelry, and coins from different periods of Roman rule.

Among the prominent works on display are the sculpture of Emperor Augustus and a large mosaic depicting an ocean scene with Neptune, sea creatures, and tritons.

The National Museum of Roman Art attracts some 200,000 visitors yearly thanks to its extensive collection and historical value. It allows visitors to gain insight into Roman life when Mérida was an important center of Roman civilization.


21. Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe (Valencia)

[icon name=”map-pin”] Ciudad de las Artes y de las Ciencias, Av. del Professor L√≥pez Pi√Īero, 7, 46013 Valencia

The City of Arts and Sciences is a top attraction in Valencia
The City of Arts and Sciences is a top attraction in Valencia

The Museu de les Ci√®ncies Pr√≠ncipe Felipe is located within famous Valencia’s City of Arts and Sciences complex. Spanish star architect Santiago Calatrava designed the building, which resembles a whale skeleton.

The main focus of this museum is on science and technology through interactive exhibits and displays. The museum has several sections, including areas focused on physics, chemistry, and biology. Despite not housing traditional art collections like other museums in Spain, it ranks among the best due to its dedication to science communication and its impressive architecture.

The Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe attracts significant visitors each year, with over 25 million people reported since its opening. Its unique architecture, engaging exhibits, and educational focus make it one of the top museums in Spain to visit.